In today’s 17-digit BMW VIN, the significance of each digit has been standardized. The World Manufacturer Identifier is contained within the first three digits, and this identifies the manufacturing country or final point of assembly, manufacturer, and the division, respectively. The next four digits are associated with the BMW model, body type, restraint and safety systems, engine types, and transmission.
The ninth digit, called the “check” digit, is in place to identify any fraudulent VINs for law enforcement purposes. The tenth digit of the BMW VIN decoding is associated with the model year, and the eleventh digit is the code of the specific assembly plant of that vehicle.
Finally, the last six digits are a unique serial number for that particular vehicle and correspond to its placement in the entire production line. For example, if the last six digits were 710987, then this vehicle would have been the 710,987th BMW of that model to come off that plant’s assembly line in that year.